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Design Process
 1st Committee
 2nd Committee
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Latin Mottoes
 E Pluribus Unum
 Annuit Coeptis
   George Washington
   American Cause
 Novus Ordo Seclorum


Symbols (front)
 Bald Eagle
 Olive Branch
 Rays of Light

Symbols (back)

Great Seals
 Official Dies
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 First Painting
 1792 Medal
 Indian Medals
 1882 Medal
 One-Dollar Bill

 Eagle Side
 Pyramid Side


 Wild Turkey
 President's Seal

Original Source of E PLURIBUS UNUM
Motto Carried in the Beak of the Bald Eagle on the Great Seal

Title page of the Gentleman's Magazine

The Latin motto "E Pluribus Unum" appeared on the title page of the annual volume of the Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer – next to a drawing of a hand holding a bouquet of different flowers.

Logo of the Gentleman's Magazine

The Gentleman's Magazine had been published monthly in London since 1731 and was well known to literate Americans in the 1770s. The annual volume with "E Pluribus Unum" at the bottom of its title page brought together the magazine's twelve editions from that year. It provided readers with lots of useful information.

Contents of the Gentleman's Magazine

This shows that America was originally likened to a bouquet of different flowers, where unity and individuality coexisted – as opposed to a "melting pot" that blended everyone together.

Melting pot

Historical content is based on the official history of the Great Seal.
Author and webwright: John D. MacArthur